Home » Welcome » Regional Course of Study » Courses » 11 Church History 1 CH201

11 Church History 1 CH201

Course Description

The student will survey of the history of the Christian Church with an emphasis on early Asian Church development and the spread of Christianity around the world, including major branches and movements from apostolic times through the 1500s, including the stories of individuals, ideas, conflicts and movements shaping the development of Christian doctrine and worship. Major world events will be referenced (contextualized when possible). The student will be able to tell the stories of the early Church in particular of those persons who emphasized Holiness, and apply the lessons learned to their current setting.

Course Rational

History as a whole tends to give perspective to the current crisis we are facing – whatever that might be. The history of the Church in Asia is a neglected branch that needs to be developed. We aim for this course to encourage research and good modules into the history of the Church in Asia and the Pacific. Pastors need some stories that are old as well as new to help connect the congregation with the wider body of Christ.   History helps support theology, mission and worship by connecting these from the past. It can often be an introduction into previous cross-cultural adaptations of the gospel that might be helpful in the present. The beginning pastor is able to see a wider picture of the Body of Christ through history and it calms them as they start the work Jesus has for them. Possible resource … The Lost History of Christianity: The Thousand-Year Golden Age of the Church in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia…Nov 3, 2009

by Philip Jenkins

 

Program Outcomes from APR SOO

Content

CN-7 Ability to explain scriptural holiness from the Wesleyan-Armenian holiness perspective.

CN-8 Ability to identify and describe the events, personalities and main themes of the history of the Christian Church.

CN-9 Ability to identify and describe the events, personalities and main themes of the history of the Christian Church in Asia-Pacific.

CN-10 Ability to describe Nazarene history in terms of events, personalities, and theology.

CN-11 Ability to describe the events, personalities and theology in the history of the Church of the Nazarene in Asia-Pacific and other indigenous churches.

CN-12 Ability to explain the structure and mission of the Church of the Nazarene from both historical and current perspectives.

Assessment and Evaluation

Primary Course Outcomes

Other

Story telling techniques are important for the student to master. CP-15 OTH

Tell the story of the broad movements of Christian history by identifying time periods with certain personalities and ideas. CN-22 OTH

Compare and contrast the development of Christology (doctrine of Jesus Christ) in the Western and Eastern Church and its impact in 21st century Asia. CX-12 OTH

Compare and contrast the spread of Christianity within various eras of Christian history. (quiz)   CN-23 OTH

Explain with examples, historical methods for evangelism and discipleship the Church engaged across cultures. CX-14 OTH

Tell the story of several people who taught holiness doctrine from the Early Church Fathers to the Middle Ages. (quiz) CN-24 OTH

Analyze various historical forms of Christian worship and devotion and consider how to apply these forms within today’s cultural context.   CP-22 OTH   CX-15 OTH

Describe the mutual impact of Christianity with Islam, Buddhism, Tribal / Pagan Religions, Hinduism that they have had on each other. CN-25 OTH

Additional Course Outcomes (Choose 8)

Accountability

Explain how the statement of Christ – if you love me you will keep my commands, can be found in church history. (Quiz) CP-1 ACC

Ministry

Tell the story of three ways that ministry has changed during the history of the Church. CN-32 MIN

Other

Draw / Tell the story of the development of ecclesiastical/church structures from earliest up to 1500’s (related to denominational polity, leadership perspectives, church health, ministry models, Great Commission strategies.)   CP-16 OTH

Able to tell historical stories in a contextual way to the community and church and make local application. (Community History Project) CX-2 OTH

Give historical examples of how to equip members of the congregation with the knowledge and tools needed for their particular responsibility. (Wycliff, Monastic codes, Huss,) CT-26 OTH

Explain how some laws have historically impacted congregations. Compare with modern examples.   (Discussion – report). CX-3 OTH

Compare and contrast the development of the concept of authority within the Church before and after the Nicene Creed. CN-27 OTH

Give historical examples of how relationships were built with local officials and the negative or positive outcomes of these. (Syncretism) CP-17 OTH

Tell several stories of persecution in history, personal tragedy and Christian responses. CN-28 OTH

Explain how the Church historically responded to the spirit world and other religions. CX-4 OTH

Explain with examples historical methods for evangelism and discipleship the Church engaged across cultures. CX-5 OTH

Explain the history of fasting in the Church with examples. CN-29 OTH

Identify at least one historical example of culture and beliefs hindering or helping communication. CX-6 OTH

Explain the impact of personal integrity citing historical examples. CH-3 OTH

Cite historical examples of the interaction of meeting human needs and sharing the gospel. CN-30 OTH

List historical examples of mentoring. CN-31 OTH

Using historical examples, Compare and contrast the effectiveness of a team who has clear task, purpose / vision, or mission statements for the team and a team which does not have these things. Franciscans, Benedictines. CN-32 OTH

Compare and contrast different ministry practices used by local congregations in different cultural contexts. CX-7 OTH

Explain several changes in the methods of sermon delivery in the history of the Church. (Session quiz) CN-40 PRE

Compare the differences between historical prayer and modern prayer with examples. (Session quiz) CN-34 OTH

Demonstrate leading and developing leaders for different types of small groups, using a balance of activities in a culturally appropriate length of time and frequency of meeting. In historical context. CP-18 OTH

 

Outcomes by total and percentage

Content 20 55%
Competency 6 16%
Character- 1 2%
Context 9 27%

 

Requirements

1. Small group Reporting

At the close of each lesson, small groups will discuss questions relevant to the topic addressed. Each student will be given a chance to report back in rotation to the larger group the findings of his or her small group.

10%
2. Course Content Evaluation

The teacher will compose a assessment for each session. It will be given at the beginning of a session, and will cover material presented during the previous session’s lectures.

Here is a List of topics; others can be included (not in order):

1.    Time Periods and significant persons in Christian History.

2.    The broad outlines of the development of Theological with a focus on Christology.

3.    Geographical mapping of the spread of Christianity (east and west) combined with a time line of that spread.

4.    Explore various types of worship, prayer, devotion, sermons, community service / compassionate ministry / response to the poor, through the first 1500 years.

(a)   list ten persons from Christian History and list the personal spiritual development practices used by these.

(b)   List historical examples of ways that Christ statement if you love me you will keep my commands, was fulfilled or not

5.    Trace the teaching of holiness and list people who taught holiness through Church History.

6.    The rise of Islam and its impact on the Church.

7.    The interaction of Buddhism, Hinduism with Christianity.

8.    Pagan / Tribal religions and their interactions with Christianity

9.    Discussion over is this the same God of every religion?

30%
3. Teaching
The Students will retell / re-teach at least one story to local church or community members.
10%
4. Group Skit

In groups of 3-5 students, sketches will be given re-enacting an important episode from the history of the early Church. Prior to the skit, the group leader should explain what episode is being acted out, and why it was chosen (i.e. what is its importance). The grade given will be based upon the quality of the presentation, including whether all members of the group were involved in a meaningful way.
The teacher should give some time in-class for groups to work on this assignment. It is recommended that the skits be presented to the local community or local church before the last day of lectures if possible.

10%
4. Community Involvement

In groups of two, students will develop contact points within the community that create interaction with unbelievers using the history of the community as a bridge point. The student will interview at least 4 people from their local community to learn the history of their local community.   While interviewing the student will demonstrate intentionally building and modeling strong and honest relationships with non-believers. This history will be shared with the local Church / congregation and with the class.
Alternative: In groups of two, students will develop contact points within the community that create interaction with unbelievers using a service project in the community as a bridge point. Students interview community members to discover a service project they can do in that community.     While in service the students will demonstrate intentionally building and modeling strong and honest relationships with non-believers. The results will be shared with the local Church / congregation and with the class.

10%
5. Final Essay
The final essay will cover important figures in early Church history
Note to teacher: This exercise can be done orally. Choose two figures (other than Jesus) studied during this class. In a significant essay, address the following questions:a. What figure did you choose?b. What are the basic facts of their life?

c. In what way did they change the course of Church history?

d. How does knowledge of his/her life affect you today in your place of ministry?

7. Produce a timeline with a map of the expansion of Christianity in the first 1,500 years.

30%

 

 

Class Outline DRAFT

Borrowed from APNTS- needs modification to fit outcomes.

DATE TOPIC BIOGRAPHIES REFLECTION QUESTIONS SOURCES AND RESOURCES

[throughout, see corresponding chapters in Cunningham, Examining Our Christian Heritage]

Class organization and the philosophy and methodology of church history What connection has church history to salvation history? Why is church history rewritten? Can we construct a theology of church history? Irvin & Sunquist, Foreword

Latourette, Preface

Shelley, Prologue

UNIT I.   Early church (to 600) Irvin & Sunquist, chapters 1-4, 6-8

Latourette, 1-4

1 the spread of christianity westward:

Christianity in the Roman World

What were the characteristics of the Roman world that made it conducive to the spread of Christianity? What were the inherent features of Christianity that made it attractive to the Roman world?

 

Latourette, 5

Shelley, 3

 

2  

 

the spread of christianity to the east

Christian Beginnings in India

What are the controversies surrounding the idea that Christians reached India in the first century?

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 5, 9-10

Shelley, 3

 

3 THE APOSTOLIC FATHERs BIOGRAPHY—

Clement of Rome (first c.)

 

Polycarp (69-155)

 

What are the sources of the doctrine of sanctification in the apostolic fathers? Irvin & Sunquist, 11

Latourette, 6

Shelley, 3

4  

 

early theologians BIOGRAPHIES—

Irenaeus (130-200)

 

Tertullian (160-225)

How did Irenaeus explain the atonement, the origins of sin, and Christian growth, and how did he and Tertullian defend the authority of the church?

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 12

Latourette, 6

Shelley, 3

5 Early Church Persecution AND FINAL TOLERATION

 

Tracing the issue of church and state from the time of Constantine what are the positive and negative benefits of state supported churches?

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 13-14

Latourette, 6

Shelley, 4, 9

 

 

6 DEFINING THE BOUNDARIES OF ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY:

Gnosticism and Other Heresies

BIOGRPAHIES—

Montanus (second c.)

Looking at the Gnostics and the Montanists as paradigms, what are the dangers of theology relying principally on either Reason or Experience?

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 11

Latourette, 6

Shelley, 5

 

7 DEFINING THE BOUNDARIES OF ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY:

Development of the Canon

 

 

 

 

How did the canon develop and why is it determinative of orthodox Christian doctrine? Irvin & Sunquist, 20

Shelly, 6

 

8 REASON AND REVELATION: Early Apologetics BIOGRAPHIES—

Justin Martyr (100-165)

Clement of Alex. (150-215)

Origen (182-252)

Based on the efforts of these early apologists, how should the gospel be contextualized in your culture, and what are the dangers? Irvin & Sunquist, 16

Latourette, 6

Shelley, 8

 

9 DEFINING THE BOUNDARIES OF ORTHODOX CHRISTIANITY

The First Five Ecumenical Councils

BIOGRAPHIES—

Athansius (296-373)

Leo I (the Great) (d. 461)

 

How do evangelicals look at the early councils? Compare the conclusions of the early councils to a particular cult in your society.

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 16-17

Latourette, 6

Shelley, 10-11

10 MINISTRY IN THE EARLY CHURCH

Practices and Beliefs

BIOGRAPHIES—

Ambrose (339-397)

Jerome (342-420)

Chrysostom (347-407)

 

How did the offices of ministry, such as bishop and ordained minister, develop in the early church (i.e., to about the year 600)? Irvin & Sunquist, 20

Latourette, 7

Shelley, 7

11 MONASTICISM IN THE EARLY CHURCH BIOGRAPHY—

Benedict (480-550)

 

What was the reason for the rise of monasticism, and what were the earliest forms of monasticism? Would you have been tempted to become a nun? Irvin & Sunquist, 20

Latourette, 8

Shelley, 12

 

12 THE EXPANSION OF THE CHURCH IN WESTERN EUROPE BIOGRAPHIES—

Martin of Tours (316-397)

Patrick (390-460)

What role did signs and wonders play in the spread of early Christianity?

 

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 20

Latourette, 8

Shelley, 16

13 Augustine:

Father of Western Theology

BIOGRAPHIES—

Augustine (354-430)

 

Debate between Augustine and Pelagius on the issues of original sin and free will. Irvin & Sunquist, 15

Latourette, 6

Shelley, 13

14 THE RISE OF THE PAPACY BIOGRAPHIES—

Gregory I (the Great) (540-604)

 

Augustine of Canterbury (d. 605)

What were the reasons for the rise of the papacy, and what were its advantages to the spread of Christianity?

 

Latourette, 13

Shelley, 14, 17

UNIT II: EARLY MIDDLE AGES (600-1000)
15 EASTERN CHRISTIANITY What was character of Eastern theology and practice that made is dissimilar to the West? Irvin & Sunquist, 21

Latourette, 11-12

Shelley, 15

16 CHURCH AND MINISTRY IN THE EARLY MIDDLE AGES Where in church history do we find the origins of the Roman Catholic practices of confession and penance?

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 26

Latourette, 9

17 THE SPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY WEST AND EAST BIOGRAPHY—

Boniface (680-754)

What were the reasons that Europe became predominantly Christian during the time before 1000, and Asia did not?

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 18-19, 25-27

Latourette, 10, 14, 16

Shelley, 16

18 christians under islam Muhammad (570-632) How did Christians survive under Islam during these centuries? Irvin & Sunquist, 22-24

Latourette, 16

 

UNIT III: HIGH MIDDLE AGES (1000-1300) Latourette, 15
19 REASON AND REVELATION:

Scholasticism

BIOGRAPHIES—

Anselm (1033-1109)

 

Peter Abelard (1079-1142)

Joachim of Fiore (1132-1202)

Explain the significance of Anselm’s theory of the atonement and compare it to other historic theories of the atonement. Irvin & Sunquist, 33

Latourette, 18, 21

Shelley, 20

20 THE CRUSADES Irvin & Sunquist, 31

Latourette, 17

Shelley, 19

21 THE CHURCH AND THE PAPACY BIOGRAPHIES—

Gregory VII (1021-1085)

Innocent III (1160-1216)

How did the office of the Pope develop in the middle ages? What were the strengths and weaknesses of centralized control of the church?

 

Latourette, 18, 20, 23

Shelley, 14, 17

22 THE SCHISM: East and West Go their Separate Ways What were the principal issues that eventually separated Eastern and Western Christendom?

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 28, 30, 34, 36, 38

Latourette, 24, 27

Shelley, 15

23 MONASTICISM AND SPIRITUALITY BIOGRAPHIES—

Bernard (1090-1153)

 

Francis of Assisi (1181-1226)

 

How and why did the cults to the saints, especially the practices of devotion and prayer to Mary develop in the centuries before the Reformation?

 

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 32

Latourette, 13-14, 18-19, 22

Shelley, 21

24 THE DOMICANS AND THOMAS AQUINAS BIOGRAPHIES—

Dominic (1170-1221)

 

Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)

 

Why was the theology of Thomas Aquinas controversial in his time? How did it major principles differ from Augustinianism?

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 32

Latourette, 21

Shelley, 20

25 GOSPEL AND CULTURE: The Early Inquisition What sorts of schismatic groups arose in Europe in these centuries (1000-1300) and how did the church combat the heresies?

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 32

Latourette, 28

Shelley, 21

26 THE RISE OF THE UNIVERSITIES How and why did Christianity give importance to learning and scholarship?

 

Latourette, 21

Shelley, 20

27 BIBLICAL INTERPRETATION What were the principle means of biblical interpretation during the middle ages?

 

Latourette, 21

Shelley, 20

28 EXPANSION OF THE CHURCH IN EUROPE BIOGRAPHY—

Ramon Llull (1233-1315)

 

What were the mission strategies proposed by church leaders? Irvin & Sunquist, 29

Latourette, 15-17

Shelley, 16

29 THE CHRISTIAN MOVEMENT IN THE EAST Describe the efforts of Christian missionaries in Asia, and lost opportunities during 1000-1300? Irvin & Sunquist, 35, 38

Latourette, 16

Irvin & Sunquist, 35

UNIT IV: LATE MIDDLE AGES (1300-1500) Latourette, 25-26
30 MINISTRY AND WORSHIP How did typical Western Christians worship in the years between 1300 and 1500?

 

Latourette, 22, 28

Shelley, 21

31 CHURCH AND STATE How did the state attempt to control the church, and the church the state during the later middle ages? What were the consequences?

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 37

Latourette, 22, 25-26

Shelley, 22

32 THEOLOGY,

DEVOTION, AND

REFORM

BIOGRAPHIES—

John Wycliffe (1330-1384)

 

John Hus (1372-1415)

Thomas a Kempis (1380-1471)

Why did reformation movements arise during these years, and why did they fail?

 

Irvin & Sunquist, 37

Latourette, 28

Shelley, 23

33 REVIEW

 

 


Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *