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13 OT Exegesis Pentateuch B205

 Course Description

The student will survey the first five books of the Old Testament (OT), with attention to their history, the type of literature, and what they tell us about God and man. The student will explain the broad challenges of interpreting these old texts, and will be exposed to and study other similar writings from other cultures in the same time frame as the Pentateuch. The detailed study of the Pentateuch will establish a foundation for the study of other OT books.   It will also develop the skills needed to interpret this part of scripture for teaching and preaching.

Course Rational

This foundational section of Scripture has many stories of faith that illustrate the way salvation works. Most of our foundational theology comes from these books. Helping a beginning pastor to teach and handle these inspired stories with integrity so they can make proper application to a congregation is the goal of this course.

Program Outcomes from APR SOO


CN-4 Ability to demonstrate understanding of the basic principles of biblical interpretation.

CN-16 Ability to identify the literary structure and the main story line of the Old Testament.

CN-17 List four major themes that run through the Pentateuch.

CN-18 Describe the significance of the literary patterns and thematic emphases that appear in Genesis 1 and 2.

CN-19 Identify the unique features that distinguish Genesis 1 and 2.

CN-20 Trace the theme of the “promise to Abraham of land and descendants” through the patriarchal narrative.

CN-21 Appreciate Explain the significance of God’s “reintroduction” of Himself to the people of Israel in the wilderness.


CP-4 Ability to teach the redemptive themes found in the Pentateuch.

CP-18 Ability to articulate a description Describe various genres found within the Pentateuch.


Assessment and Evaluation


Primary Course Outcomes

Personal Spiritual Development (Holiness)

To identify the key people and events in chronological order in the book(s) and the roles in the context of times CN-56 HOL

To use the reading of God’s Word to improve one’s spiritual growth for personal devotions and to model that for a small group. CH-19 HOL


To identify and articulate understanding of the key theological concepts addressed in the book(s) and how they relate to today. CX-9 OTH

To explain the intended purpose and message of the passage in the cultural and historical context in which it was written and how it translates into a message for today. CX-10 OTH    

Compare and contrast the teaching of the book of Genesis regarding humanity, sin, and creation, with local beliefs and interpretation of these stories. CX-12 OTH

To recognize different literary genres and the necessity to read and understand a text according to its genre CN-41 OTH

Additional Course Outcomes


Explain the Biblical foundations for Sabbath. CN-48 SAB

Explain the difference between a legalistic understanding of Sabbath and the grace that is available to us in a Sabbath time. CN-49 SAB


Explain the Biblical understanding of stewardship in relationship to accountability. CH-1 ACC


Demonstrate how to understand the Mission of God for this Congregation i.e. how to find God’s vision for a particular congregation at this time in this place. CX-2 ADM

Demonstrate how to equip members of the congregation with the knowledge and tools needed for their particular responsibility. CP-6 ADM

Discipline – Personal and Family

Demonstrate a practical application of a Biblical understanding of the importance of the spouse and family. CP-24 DPF

Impact Community

Identify, list and explain biblical examples where the people of God or the church made a positive / negative impact to the community. CX-7 ICO


The student should be able to use OT examples to teach the church how to pray. CP-96 PRA


Identify the major themes found within the Pentateuch and create a Sunday School lesson that reflects that theme – preferably a theme that is traceable through a majority of the books. CP-14 OTH

Identify and tell the story of three persons within this section of scripture that portray characteristics that are reflective of Christ. From these same stories articulate those characteristics that are not reflective of Christ and show how this distinction can be used in forming a model for contemporary Christians to follow. CH-2 OTH

Explain contrasts between the Spirit world of the ancient world and the presentation of Yahweh in the Pentateuch. (Note to teacher, insert background information about the idols, and Egyptian worship, and worldviews of surrounding nations). CP-25 OTH


Outcomes by Total and Percentage

Content 11 42%
Competency 7 27%
Character 3 12%
Context 5 19%



1. Students will form a group of at least two and no more than eight and develop a skit that reflects one of the patriarchal stories as if set in modern times. The skit will promote one of the key themes of the Pentateuch. The skit will be performed in a public setting. One suggested evaluation: the audience can be asked questions to see if they understood the story and themes. 15%
2. Create three lessons for a small group or Sunday School that develops a story and a theme of the Pentateuch in each lesson. One suggested evaluation: the students receiving the lessons will be evaluated to see if they absorbed the lesson.
(Teacher needs to present how to do a lesson plan).
3. Create a timeline showing key people and events from the Pentateuch. 10%
4. Write a summary paper evaluating a theological concept of the Pentateuch and explain how it is important for today. It will be important to locate the idea in the original genre and show how that may change the way it is understood. 15%
5. Read the first 5 books, journal your observations. 10%
6. While thinking about the story of the Exodus, find five stories from your context (culture?) that are about redemption or becoming free. Choose one story and develop it into an introduction for an evangelistic presentation to the class. 20%


Class Outline
The outline for the lessons will follow the structure of the books themselves.   A lesson writer needs to incorporate historical and cultural information that the student will not have access to from the text of scripture itself. We do not want the lesson writer to do exegesis that the student themselves can perform.




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