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15 TH203 Foundational Theology 2

Course Description

A continued study of the doctrines of the Person and Work of Jesus Christ, Sin and Salvation, Holy Spirit, Church, Sacraments, Divine Healing, and the Last Things from the perspective of Wesleyan-Arminian theology.

Students will master the basic sources and methods of theology needed for theological reflection with particular attention to application.

Course Rational

Program Outcomes


CN-5 Ability to identify and explain the main characteristics of the theological foundations of Christianity.

CN-6 Ability to explain how the theological foundations of Christianity proceed from the Scriptures.

CN-7 Ability to explain scriptural holiness from the Wesleyan-Armenian holiness perspective.

CN-14 Ability to summarize the sources of theological reflection, its historical development, and its contemporary expressions.

CN- 15 Ability to demonstrate theological reflection that integrates the Wesleyan approach to Scripture, Tradition, Reason and Experience.

CN-17 Ability to accurately identify and explain the main characteristics of the nature of God, Christ, the Holy Spirit, the Human Person, Sin, Salvation, the Christian Life, the Church and Sacraments, and Eschatology.


CP-14 Ability to teach the position of the Church of the Nazarene on the doctrine of holiness. CP-14

CP-15 Ability to synthesize, analyze, and reason logically for discernment, assessment, and problem solving.

CP-16 Ability to analyze the validity of arguments and to identify their presuppositions and consequences.


CH-7 Ability to reflect theologically on life and ministry.


CX-9 Ability to explain and effectively use missiological and cross-cultural principles to communicate the gospel in relevant ways in different contexts.

Activity Outcomes


ACC-1 Demonstrate a Christ-like character of submission, integrity and love in all relationships.


DIS-4 To use the reading of God’s Word to foster one’s spiritual growth for personal devotions.

DIS-9 Describe the difference between a “works salvation” and the obedience that proceeds from faith.

DIS-10 Teach others the Nazarene Articles of Faith and clearly explain either orally or in writing a Wesleyan-Arminian understanding of the Nazarene Articles of Faith.

DIS-13 Explain how sin affects humanity, i.e., the condition of humanity since falling into sin, and how God’s grace in Christ brings new life. Explain what effects of sin are cured through entire sanctification. Demonstrate how to lead a person to the experience of entire sanctification.

DIS-15 Recognize the importance of discipling children and youth and develop a plan for this in the local church.


MIN-2 Explain the essence of Christian ministry and how the Biblical theology of the stewardship and the Body of Christ applies to ministry activities, how ministry has changed through history.

MIN-3 Formulate a theological rationale for leading a missional church.


PRA-1 Model the prayers of Christ and His relationship to the Father through a strong passion for a life of prayer shown by devoting time to prayer and keeping a prayer journal, including a list of lost people for whom God has made them responsible.


PRE-7 Explain either orally or in writing a Wesleyan-Arminian understanding of the Trinity, humanity as created in the image of God and fallen into sin, salvation in the person and work of Jesus Christ, the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit, the inspiration and authority of the Bible, and the mission and ministry of the church.

PRE-8 Explain various perspectives of holiness and its application to the Christian life from a variety of theological perspectives, e.g. Reformed, Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox.

PRE-9 Identify several terms used to express experiential holiness, know their historical or Biblical context, and express their individual strengths and weaknesses in reference to the cultural context in which the students will most often find themselves.


RIT-1 Use various rituals to point to the person and work of Christ and explain how this impacts the student and the church.

RIT-3 Analyze various historical forms of Christian worship and devotion (Protestant Reformation) and consider how to apply these forms within today’s cultural context.

Content 49%
Competency 27%
Character 13%
Context 11%

Course Textbooks

Students will bring a Bible to class.

Investigating Christian Theology 2. RIIE Course Module. Kansas City: Clergy Services, 2003.

Lodahl, Michael. The Story of God: A Narrative Theology. Kansas City: Beacon Hill Press, 2008.

Truesdale, Al. Global Wesleyan Dictionary of Theology. Kansas City: Beacon Hill Press, 2013.

Maddix, Mark A. Essential Beliefs: A Wesleyan Primer. Kansas City: Beacon Hill Press, 2016.

Maggay, Melba Padilla. Editor. The Gospel in Culture: Contextualization Issues through Asian Eyes. Manila: OMF Literature, 2013.

Available at the Wesleyan Holiness Digital Library www.whdl.org:

Dunning, H. Ray, and William M. Greathouse. An Introduction to Wesleyan Theology

Purkiser, W. T., Richard S. Taylor, Willard H. Taylor. God, Man, and Salvation: A Biblical Theology.

Wiley, H. Orton. Christian Theology, Vols. 1-3. Kansas City: Beacon Hill Press.

Course Requirements

  1. The local school’s attendance policy should be placed here.
  2. Bible Reading and Prayer Journal: Students should read through the Bible as designated in the Master Plan for Bible Reading in the Course of Study. For this course, students will read Psalm 60 – 106 and 1 Corinthians 1 – 16. As part of the Scripture reading for each week, students will keep a journal. In this journal, answer these personal questions, “How does God speak to me or my family today through His word? How does this reading help me to love others?” Entries should be made at least weekly for semester courses or daily for intensives. Each entry should be at least one paragraph of 200 words.

(Outcomes CH-7, ACC-1, DIS-4, PRA-1)

  1. Small Group Activities: The teacher can assign different topics for students to discuss in small groups for each or unit. The topics can include: the nature of sin, atonement in Christ, the power and presence of the Holy Spirit, the nature and mission of the church, fulfillment of all things in Christ. One discussion should focus upon the message and applications of the following Scriptures: the “I am” statements of Christ in John; Ephesians 4:11-16; Philippians 2:5-11. Students should be encouraged to have support for their discussions from the Bible and reading materials. Regular oral reports should be given to the rest of the class after each discussion time. Students will rotate reporting to the class what their group discussed.

(Outcomes CN-5, CN-6, CN-7 CN-15, CP-16, CX-9, DIS-9, DIS-7, PRE-7)

  1. Session Content Evaluation: The teacher will compose an assessment for each section. It will be given at the beginning of each session and will cover the material presented during the previous session. Here is a list of possible topics:
    1. The person and deity of Christ
    2. The saving work of Christ (i.e. atonement, the cross, etc.)
    3. The deity and work of the Holy Spirit
    4. The church
    5. The second coming of Jesus

(Outcomes CN-5, CN-6, CN-7, CN-14, CN-15, CN-17, DIS-9, DIS-13, MIN-3, PRE-4, PRE-8, RIT-1, RIT-3)

  1. Glossary of Theological Terms and Concepts: Create a glossary of theological words and phrases that are taught in each lecture and the required readings during the whole course. The glossary should be in the student’s local language.

(Outcomes CN-5, PRE-9, RIT-1)

  1. Teaching Studymap: Teach a group of children or youth the Articles of Faith using the Study Maps. The student must ask another church worker to use the evaluation tool on his/her lesson. (Note to Teacher: The teacher must create an evaluation tool based in the Study Maps.)

(Outcomes CP-14 CN-17, DIS-10, DIS-15)

  1. Sermon or Bible Study: Prepare a sermon outline or Bible study lesson on the Second Coming of Christ. The sermon or lesson should identify the intended audience and be designed to speak to a need of this audience. It should show clear connection to the Bible and provide relevant illustrations.

(Outcomes CP-14, CX-9, DIS-14, MIN-2, MIN-3)

  1. Final Essay: Write a 2000 word essay on the atonement of Christ or the mission of the Church. The paper should be supported by references from the Bible, textbooks, or other available resources. Before completing the paper, the student should prayer walk in their community. After this, the student should complete the paper with a section of how the topic of the paper can apply to issues or beliefs within the student’s context. (Note to teacher: this exercise can be done orally or written as a paper).

(Outcomes CN-17, CP-15, CX-9, MIN-2, PRE-7, PRE-8)

Course Evaluation

Journal                                                                        10 %

Small Group Activities                                                10 %

Session Content Evaluation                                        20 %

Glossary of Theological Terms and Concepts            10 %

Teaching Studymap                                                    10 %

Sermon or Lesson                                                       15 %

Final Essay                                                                  25 %

Grading Policy

A         90-100%

B         80-89%

C         70-79%

D         60-69%

45-59%           (Passable for the certificate level and toward the requirements for being ordained in the Church of the Nazarene)

If a student marks a final grade lower than 45% he or she must take the course again for credit at the diploma level

Course Outline

Lesson 1 – The problem: humanity’s rebellion against God (DIS-11)

◦ Original sin: rebellion in the garden

◦ What is an “act of sin”?

◦ Sin in relation to the community

◦ Punishment and forgiveness

Lesson 2 – The solution: Jesus Christ and God’s plan of salvation

Part 1 – Christology: The person and work of Christ (PRE-39)

◦ Jesus as the “God-man”

◦ Popular images of Jesus: life-giver, mediator, loved one, and leader

◦ Prophet, priest, and king

◦ Models of the atonement: penal satisfaction, moral influence, Christus Victor

Part 2 – Soteriology: God’s transforming grace (DIS-12)

◦ prevenient grace

◦ repentance and faith

◦ justification, regeneration, adoption, redemption, reconciliation and initial


◦ sanctification: progressive (growth in grace) and entire

◦ mutual accountability and the life of holiness

Lesson 3 – The kingdom of God, the Holy Spirit and the church (MIN-1, MIN-2)

Part 1 – The kingdom of God

◦ What is the “kingdom of God”?

◦ Should a follower of Christ be involved in government?

Part 2 – Pneumatology: the doctrine of the Holy Spirit

◦ Who is the Holy Spirit?

◦ The fruit and the gifts of the Spirit

◦ The witness of the Spirit vs the gifts of the Spirit. (how do we know we are forgiven or cleansed)?

Part 3 – The church: advancing God’s kingdom in the power of the Spirit

◦ What is the church? How is the church related to the kingdom of God?

◦ Preaching the Bible

◦ Sacraments: The meaning of baptism and Eucharist (the Lord’s Supper)

◦ The priesthood of all believers: men and women together in ministry

◦ Holistic ministry: the church meeting the needs of the whole person

◦ Missio Dei: The missionary nature of the church

Part 4 – Special issues in ministry

◦ Confronting the darkness: spiritual warfare and deliverance

◦ Divine healing

◦ The prosperity message

◦ Financial integrity

◦ Overcoming addictions

◦ Christian view of sexuality (homosexuality)

Lesson 4 – Eschatology: the triumph of God’s kingdom

Part 1 – second coming and resurrection

◦ Premillenial, postmillenial and amillenial views

◦ The danger of some types of “prophecy”

◦ Resurrection and the goodness of the human body

Part 2 – judgment, punishment and reward

◦ Hell: unending, conscious torment, or final destruction?

◦ Heaven: living in the new creation