The student is equipped to be a good student of the Bible through a study of the methods and tools of Biblical interpretation and their application to various literary types found in Scripture. The student will learn to read carefully, state the broad context behind the passage, restate the point the writer is making. The student will be able to list points of similarity and difference between the Biblical situation and the situation of their local congregation. Then they will bridge to an application in the current day that will help the body of Christ. They will be equipped to teach others to use the same methods.
Note: Tools and methods will be emphasized that are effective in contexts that have very limited access to study materials in a local language.
The ability to analyze is highly valued in the west but is often lacking in the eastern study methods. The ability to apply scripture correctly with a fair degree of accuracy is what is needed for beginning ministry. This skill may deepen in years but the beginning student needs to be able to make an application that reasonably comes from the passage of scripture and reasonably applies to the congregation. For this purpose, historical studies are much more effective than linguistic studies. History is preferred over Greek and Hebrew. Using the stories from ancient Middle East and the New Testament period also allows the student to learn and then analyze in a story format. The student should be encouraged if possible to reverse the pattern and exegete their congregation then go to Scripture to find a true bridge to the context of their congregation.
Program Outcomes from APR SOO
CN-1 Ability to describe the basic story of the Bible.
CN-2 Ability to describe the basic content of the Old Testament, identify the principal people and events and their roles in Old Testament history.
CN-3 Ability to describe the basic content of the New Testament, identify the principal people and events and their roles in New Testament history.
CN-4 Ability to demonstrate understanding of the basic principals of biblical interpretation.
CP-1 Ability to communicate effectively in writing with cultural relevance.
CP-2 Ability to communicate effectively orally with cultural relevance.
CP-3 Ability to prepare Biblical messages for effective and sound Bible preaching.
CP-4 Ability to teach the Word of God.
CP-6 Ability to present the Gospel in a clear and Biblical way.
CP-9 Ability to do basic Biblical counseling with wisdom.
CH-1 Ability to take responsibility for one’s own spiritual growth with the goal of becoming like Christ.
CH-2 Ability to find, understand and utilize resources for one’s own spiritual growth in prayer, Bible study, and personal devotion.
CH-5 Ability to demonstrate oneself consistently in public Christian ethics, in decision making, and in conducting oneself as a Christian in a pagan society.
CX-4 Basic ability to analyze and describe communities and churches.
CX-5 Basic ability to identify elements of culture.
CX-6 Ability to support missionary and trans-cultural principles.
CX-7 Ability to distinguish between world views – Local, Biblical, and Western.
Assessment and Evaluation
Primary Course Outcomes
Demonstrate how to properly exegete a passage as the basis for a sermon. CP-88 PRE
Counsel – Listen
Demonstrate the ability to ask appropriate and reflective questions. CP-16 CON
Develop a yearly Sunday School lesson and yearly preaching plan focusing on character traits a pastor and/or a church must have (love, forgiveness, humility, courage, compassion, justice, etc.) CH-40 EVA
Demonstrate how to make an in-depth and evaluation of the most pressing issues for the church and community, (how to bridge the interpretation into modern issues). CX-3 CED
The students will testify each week to love by putting the needs of someone else ahead of their own. CH-18 DIS
The students will demonstrate how to care for the growth of the disciples in applying the Word of God in everyday life. CP-34 DIS (application to current issues in Christian growth).
The student will demonstrate how to develop questions and make observations of the group that enables the group to more fully understand each other’s spiritual condition. CP-36 DIS
Explain how the difference between Biblical understanding of forgiveness, restitution and trust compare and contrast with local cultural understandings and the impact on the accountability relationship. CP-5 ACC (From one of the stories in the OT dealing with conflict)
Additional Course Outcomes
Counsel – Listen
Demonstrate the ability to listen to others. He/she must practice active listening skills so that he/she can grasp the core problem or issues of the person they are talking with. CP-15 CON
Explain how to Model Christ in this activity. CP-45
Demonstrate the Character qualities identified as Modeling Christ. CH-22
Be able to clearly demonstrate the role of the team in leadership development. CP-82 LEA
Articulate a Wesleyan perspective of Spiritual gifts–an expression of love rather than power. CN-24 LEA
Demonstrate a capacity to identify tasks as opportunities for team development. CP-77 LEA
Explain the difference between teaching and preaching. CN-37 PRE
Explain at least 4 ways that a pastor or evangelist can call people to respond to the truth of the sermon. CN-38 PRE
Demonstrate the ability to apply the word to call for obedience or change in response to the sermon. CP-92 PRE
The student will lead in prayer for lost individuals God has made them responsible for. CP-95 PRA
The student should be able to use OT and NT examples to teach the church how to pray. CP-96 PRA
Explain the Biblical foundations for Sabbath. CT-48 SAB
Outcomes by total and percentage
Content- 8 21%
Competency- 18 48%
Character- 6 16%
Context – 5 13%
- Scripture Reading: Students will continue reading through the Bible as part of the program of study. For this course, students will read Exodus, Mark, and Luke. These texts will form the basis of the written work for the course.
- Bible in student’s language
- Duvall, J. Scott, and J. Daniel Hays. Grasping God’s Word: A Hands-On Approach to Reading, Interpreting, and Applying the Bible. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012. ISBN 978-0310492573.
- Grasping God’s Word Laminated Sheet. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2007. ISBN 978-0310275145.
- Internet and/or computer resources when available (see Bibliography)
- Individual Activities:
- Exegetical Work
- Inductive work: There will be weekly exercises from the Scripture reading that will teach students good observation skills. Most of these assignments should be less than one page and take about an hour to complete. Some of these assignments can be done during class time in small groups, as determined by the instructor. At times, students will be called to share their insights and responses as individuals and/or a group.
- Understanding Contexts
- Asking Questions
- Connecting to real life
- Exegetical Project: Students will work on a major exegetical project during the course where they will focus on a specific passage (chosen in cooperation with the instructor) of 5-15 verses (or a specific and limited pericope).
- Steps of Exegesis: Students will follow steps that will explore the various contexts of the passage (historical, literary, cultural), literary features of the passage (genre, grammar, characters, key words), and the theological message. The steps will culminate in applying the message to the students’ lives and their context of ministry.
- Exegetical paper: The steps of exegesis will be put together into a coherent written presentation of 8-10 pages. As an alternative for those contexts where writing or typing is difficult, an oral presentation can be made to the class of the same material.
- Application Project: Based on the exegetical work in 2.a.2)a), students will prepare a public presentation of the message of the passage. This presentation should be relevant to the student’s ministry context. Students may choose from the following types of presentations:
- Sermon: Following good form that is culturally relevant, present the message of the passage in a worship setting, making careful connection to the gospel of Jesus Christ.
- Bible Study: Present the message in a study format with a clear lesson plan, including appropriate discussion questions to which the group can respond.
- Sunday School Lesson: This can be prepared for a specific age level. The material must be presented in a way that will understandable to that age level. Appropriate learning aides should also be prepared or described, such as handouts, charts, crafts, etc.
In appropriate settings, arrangements should be made for the student to give the presentation in an actual ministry setting. If this is not possible, class sessions can be arranged to give each student opportunity to practice and give the presentation to the class. Instructors can decide how evaluation is to be done, but recommended is a simple tally sheet for a lay member of the audience to complete.
- Spiritual Reflections Journal: As part of the Scripture reading for each week (1.a.), students will keep a journal. In this journal, answer this personal question, “How does God speak to me today through His word?” Each entry should be at least one paragraph of 200 words.
- Exam: There will be one exam mid-course that will cover the lecture materials from the first half of the course.
- Inductive Work: (10 pts. each x 15) 150
(can be graded on a complete/incomplete basis)
- Steps of Exegesis: (25 pts. each) 250
- Exegetical Paper: 200
- Application Project: 200
- Spiritual Reflection Journal: 100
(can be graded on a complete/incomplete basis)
- Exam: 100
(The following sessions can be divided into a semester or combined into modular format.)
- Introduce the Course and Syllabus
- Personal Introductions
- Personal Testimonies
- Coming to the Bible with Listening Ears: Introduce how we need to listen to the Bible with one ear and our ministry context and people’s needs with the other.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus1-2; Mark 1-2
- What is the Bible?
- The Bible as a Book
- The Bible as the Story of God
- The Importance of the Bible for the Church
- Inductive Exercise #1: Choosing a Passage, understanding labels, divisions, references. Students look up specific passages, give abbreviations and proper references of chapter and verse. Students determine the beginning and ending of a narrative, poetry, and teaching section found in Exodus and Mark. In-class exercise.
- Steps of Exegesis: Students should choose the passage for their Exegetical Project in consultation with the instructor
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 3-4; Mark 3-4
- Calling the Bible “Scripture” as God’s Inspired Word: What the Bible Claims about itself and how we accept this
- Inductive Exercise #2: GGW 38 Assignment 1-2 Question 1: In-class small group discussion and report answering the question: “Do you agree that the Bible is a divine-human book? Why or why not?”
- Personal Preparation in Studying the Bible: Learning to Listen
- Steps of Exegesis #1: Prayer. Write a simple prayer, asking God to speak to you through your study.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 5-6; Mark 5-6
- How we got the Bible: The Canonizations Process of the Old and New Testaments
- Inductive Exercise #3: Asking Questions: Write as many questions as you can about a selected passage from Exodus or Mark. Include who, what, when, where, how, and why type questions. This exercise can be done in small groups during class.
- Steps of Exegesis #2: Asking Questions: Create a list of as many questions as you can about your exegetical passage, minimum of 30.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 7-8; Mark 7-8
- Bible Translations (Grasping God’s Word 1; note, this can be adjusted to the local language of the students. The history and types of translations available to students should be explored and explained.)
- A basic introduction to the Biblical Languages
- Characteristics of Hebrew and Greek
- The Alphabets for each Language
- Inductive Exercise #4: Working with Translations (see GGW 1, p. 38, Assignment 1-1); Alternative if class is not working in English: Explore the history and translation methodology of the translation you use. When was it translated and by whom?
- Steps of Exegesis #3: Translation: Read your passage in at least two difference translations. Note any differences in these translations. Note any important words that need further exploration. (Ideally, this is where students translate from the biblical languages.)
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 9-10; Mark 9-10
- The Interpretive Journey (GGW 2).
- Inductive Exercise #5: Small group discussion GGW 2, p. 49, Assignment 2-3; groups report back to the class: “What are the differences that determine width of the river to cross?”
- Steps of Exegesis #4: Begin to answer the questions and draw inferences from the questions asked in Step #2 above.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 11-12; Mark 11-12
- A Brief History of Interpretation Part One
- The Biblical Period
- The Early Church
- Inductive Exercise #6: Research how the Bible came to your language, country, or people group. This may involve interviewing a pastor, teacher, missionary, or researching on the Internet. Report back to the class next session. Alternative exercise: How is the Bible used in your local church? Report back to the class next session.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 13-14; Mark 13-14
- A Brief History of Interpretation Part Two
- Report due from Inductive Exercise #5.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 15-16; Mark 15-16
- Approaching the Bible as Wesleyans and Nazarenes (the Quadrilateral, Article IV)
- Inductive Exercise #7: Small group discussion in-class: What are the biblical bases for Article IV in the Manual (references are found at the bottom of the article)?
- Scripture Reading: Exodus 13-14; Mark
- Quiz on the Bible as the Word of God (Sessions 1-9)
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 17-18; Luke 1-2
- How to Read Sentences and Paragraphs (GGW 3-4)
- Inductive Exercise #8: Make a minimum of thirty observations on a select passage from Luke, due at the beginning of the next class. This can be done in-class as small groups.
- Steps of Exegesis #5: Making Observations. Make as many observations as you can on your exegetical passage, especially noting the items from GGW 81.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 19-20; Luke 3-4
- How to Read Discourses (GGW 5)
- Inductive Exercise #9: Make a minimum of thirty observations on a select passage from Exodus, due at the beginning of the next class. Note the descriptions on pp. 103-104. This can be done in-class as small groups.
- Steps of Exegesis #6: Outline: Create a detailed outline of your exegetical passage.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 21-22; Luke 5-6
- Historical-Cultural Context (GGW 6)
- Inductive Exercise #10: Use available resources to explore the cultural background of the Parable of the Prodigal Son in Luke 10.
- Steps of Exegesis #7: Historical-Cultural Context: Use available resources to explore the historical and cultural background of your exegetical passage.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 23-24; Luke 7-8
- Literary Context (GGW 8)
- Inductive Exercise #11: Write a paragraph describing the surrounding context of Exodus and Luke.
- Steps of Exegesis #8: Literary Context: Analyze the literary context of your exegetical passage.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 25-26; Luke 9-10
- Word Studies (GGW 9)
- Inductive Exercise #12: In small groups, determine keys words from select passages from Luke or Exodus. Determine the possible meanings of these words. Use a concordance to find other places where these words occur. Explore how these words influence the passage.
- Steps of Exegesis #9: Key Words: Earlier you discovered some words that seemed important in your exegetical passage. Review these, add more, and choose the most significant. Use available resources to study the meaning of these words and how they influence the meaning of the passage.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 27-28; Luke 11-12
- Finding the Message (GGW 11)
- Making Application (GGW 13)
- Inductive Exercise #13: Make a list of possible messages and their applications of a selected passage from Exodus or Luke.
- Steps of Exegesis #10: Message and Application: Complete your exegetical work by determining the key message(s) of your exegetical passage and how this message applies to your life and ministry context.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 29-30; Luke 13-14
- The Role of the Holy Spirit (GGW 225)
- Inductive Exercise # 14: Developing a Bible Study Lesson
- Work on researching and writing your exegetical paper.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 31-32; Luke 15-16
- The Role of the Holy Spirit (GGW 225)
- Preparing a Bible Study
- Inductive Exercise # 15: Developing a Bible Study Lesson
- Exegetical Project:
- Work on researching and writing your exegetical paper.
- Work on the application project and prepare to present it.
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 33-34; Luke 17-18
- Genres of the Bible: A brief overview of the various literary types found in the Bible (see GGW 14-22)
- In-class presentations of exegetical work or application project
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 35-37; Luke 19-20
- Course Conclusion: Being Changed by our Study of the Bible
- In-class presentations of exegetical work or application project
- Exegetical Paper Due
- Scripture Reading and Reflection Journal: Exodus 38-40; Luke 21-24
Abraham, William J. Canon and Criterion in Christian Theology: From the Fathers to Feminism. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998.
Achtemeier, P. J. Inspiration and Authority: Nature and Function of Christian Scripture. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1999.
Bailey, Raymond. ed. Hermeneutics for Preaching: Approaches to Contemporary Interpretations of Scripture. Nashville: Broadman Press, 1992.
Barton, John, ed. The Cambridge Companion to Biblical Interpretation. Cambridge: The University Press, 1998.
Bartholomew, Craig G.; Hahn, Scott; Parry, Robin; Seitz, Christopher, and Wolters, Al; eds. Canon and Biblical Interpretation. Vol. 7, Scripture and Hermeneutics Series. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2006.
Barton, John. Reading the Old Testament: Method in Biblical Study. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1984.
Bauer, D. R. An Annotated Guide to Biblical Resources for Ministry. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2011.
Black, David Alan and Dockery, David S. eds. New Testament Criticism & Interpretation. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1991.
Black, David. New Testament Textual Criticism: A Concise Guide. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1994.
Blair, C. E. The Art of Teaching the Bible: A Practical Guide for Adults. Louisville, KY: Geneva Press, 2001.
Bray, Gerald. Biblical Interpretation: Past & Present. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1996.
Brown, Jeannine K. Scripture as Communication: Introducing Biblical Hermeneutics. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2007.
Corley, Bruce; Lemke, Steve; and Lovejoy, Grant. Biblical Hermeneutics: A Comprehensive Introduction to Interpreting Scripture. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1996.
Carson, D.A. Exegetical Fallacies. Second Edition. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1996.
Coleson, J. Treasure the Word: A Layperson’s Guide to Interpreting Scripture. Indianapolis, IN: Wesleyan Publishing House, 2009.
Dockery, K. The youth worker’s guide to creative Bible study. Rev. ed. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1999.
Dockery, David S., Mathews, Kenneth A., and Sloan, Robert B., eds. Foundations for Biblical Interpretation: A Complete Library of Tools and Resources. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1994.
Enns, Peter. Inspiration and Incarnation: Evangelicals and the Problem of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2005.
Fee, Gordon D. Listening to the Spirit in the Text. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2000.
Fee, Gordon D. New Testament Exegesis: A Handbook for Students and Pastors, 3rd ed. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2002.
Fee, Gordon D. To What End Exegesis?: Essays Textual, Exegetical, and Theological. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2001.
Fowl, S. E. Engaging Scripture. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1998.
Goldingay, John. Models for Interpretation of Scripture. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1995.
Gorman. M. J. Elements of Biblical Exegesis: A Basic Guide for Students and Ministers. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 2009.
Green, J. B. Practicing Theological Interpretation: Engaging Biblical Texts for Faith and Formation. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2012.
Hayes, John, and Holladay, Carl. Biblical Exegesis: A Beginner’s Handbook. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1987.
Jaspers, David. A Short Introduction to Hermeneutics. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2004.
Kaiser, Otto, and Kummel, Werner Georg. Exegetical Method: A Student’s Handbook. New York: Seabury Press, 1963.
Kaiser, Walter C. and Silva, Moises. An Introduction to Biblical Hermeneutics: The Search for Meaning. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1994.
Kaiser, Walter C. Toward an Exegetical Theology. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1981.
Kee, Howard Clark, ed. The Bible in the Twenty-First Century. Philadelphia: Trinity Press International, 1993.
Klein, William W.; Blomberg, Craig L.; and Hubbard, Robert L., Jr. Introduction to Biblical Interpretation. Revised and Updated Edition. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 2004.
McGown, Wayne and Massey, James Earl, eds. Interpreting God’s Word for Today: An Inquiry into Hermeneutics from a Biblical Theological Perspective. Anderson, IN: Warner Press, 1982.
McKim, Donald K., ed. A Guide to Contemporary Hermeneutics: Major Trends in Biblical Interpretation. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1986.
Melick, R. and S. Melick. Teaching that Transforms: Facilitating Life Change Through Adult Bible Teaching. Nashville, TN: B&H Publishing Group, 2010.
Metzger, Bruce M. The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration. 3rd enlarged edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Metzger, Bruce M. The Canon of the New Testament: Its Origin, Development, and Significance. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987.
Mickelsen, A. Berkeley. Interpreting the Bible. Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1963.
Mulholland, M. Robert, Jr. Shaped by the Word: The Power of Scripture in Spiritual Formation. Revised ed. Nashville, TN: Upper Room Books, 2001.
Osborne, Grant R. The Hermeneutical Spiral: A Comprehensive Introduction to Biblical Interpretation. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1991.
Porter, S. E. and Stovell, B.M., ed. Biblical Hermeneutics: Five Views. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2012.
Schneiders, S. M. The Revelatory Text: Interpreting the New Testament as Sacred Scripture. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1999.
Stein, Robert H. A Basic Guide to Interpreting the Bible: Playing by the Rules. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1994.
Stuart, Douglas. Old Testament Exegesis: A Handbook for Students and Pastors. 3rd ed. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2001.
Wegner, Paul D. The Journey from Texts to Translations: The Origin and Development of the Bible. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1999.
Wilson, Paul Scott. God Sense: Reading the Bible for Preaching. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2001.
Wright, N. T. Scripture and the authority of God: How to read the Bible today. New York, NY: HarperOne, 2013.
Selected Internet Sites
(There are many resources available on the Internet. The following is a small representation.)
Biblical Studies on the Web. http://www.bsw.org/
Bible Gateway. http://www.biblegateway.com/
Bible Study Tools. http://www.biblestudytools.com/
Blue Letter Bible. http://www.blueletterbible.org/
Bratcher, Dennis. Christian Resource Institute. http://www.cresourcei.org/biblical.html
Brewer, David Instone. Tyndale House—The Doorway to Bible Scholarship. http://www.tyndale.cam.ac.uk
Goodacre, Mark. New Testament Gateway. http://www.ntgateway.com/
Interlinear Bible. http://www.interlinearbible.org
The Internet Public Library. http://www.ipl.org/div/subject/browse/hum80.00.00/
Religious Studies Web Guide – Electronic Journals. http://www.acs.ucalgary.ca/~lipton/journals.html
Resource Pages for Biblical Studies. http://www.torreys.org/bible/
Tyndale House. http://www.tyndalehouse.com/
Wabash Center Internet Guide to Religion. http://www.wabashcenter.wabash.edu/resources/guide_headings.aspx
Wesley Center for Applied Theology. http://wesley.nnu.edu/BiblicalStudies.htm
1) A complete Bible Study Lesson or a Sermon (depending on the student’s context??) to be delivered in a real life context.
2) Yearly (?) Bible study or Sermon topics and scriptures (I did this once as a student and never used it, perhaps a more limited set of studies with more details, like a 10 week sermon/Bible study series in outline form?)
3) Step by step analysis of a passage of scripture as the basis for a full semester study
4) Character formation (perhaps a weekly reflection journal where they could report, or oral presentation/small group sharing?):
- Discipling Others
- Showing love to Others
5) Series of questions on a passage (learning to ask good questions and making observations)
6) Develop of questions for use in a Bible Study
7) Quiz on the contents related
- The student will report each week, or at least 5 times, in writing or orally to the teacher how they put the needs someone else ahead of their own. …. 5%
- The Student will report at the end of the class, in writing or orally how they have discipled someone during the time of the class or in the 3 months before the class was held – in the case of a module class. …. 10%
- The teams will answer relevant questions about 4 different passages of scripture and present the answers to the class. ….. 10%
- Each Student will select a passage of scripture for interpretation and then make a sermon or Bible lesson from that passage. (Orally or in writing) 20%
- The sermon or lesson will be delivered both to the team and to their local church. ….. 30%
- There will be regular session evaluations by the teacher on the content of the class, including, methods and history of Biblical interpretation, the nature of the canon, the various cultural and linguistic aspects involved in interpretation. ….. 20%
- In groups of two students will interview some members of their community to find out some of the important issues or problems the community is facing. This information will be used later in sermons and lessons. ….. 5%
- An attitude ready to receive the Bible as the Word of God. Character
- Explain of the development of the canon including the sixty-six books of the Bible.
- Tell the story of the Old and New testament briefly.
- Recognize the importance for sound hermeneutical method for Wesleyan theology
- List at least 3 genre and 4 different forms found in the Bible.
- The ability to identify the type of literature found in a passage, analyze lexical grammatical aspects of the passage, and show an understanding of how this literary analysis affects exegesis.
- Compare and contrast the worldview of Biblical authors with your own world view.
- Analyze the arguments and train-of-thought in certain Biblical books, including the questions to which the books respond.
- Explain how one’s study of the Bible is limited, and that one’s interpretation will only partially approach the original meaning of the biblical writer.
- Develop a comprehension regarding biblical interpretive issues that are of significance to the church in Asia today, such as speaking in tongues.
- The ability to identify evidences of historical context – author, date, audience, place, etc. – in the biblical books and describe how they shape the meaning of the text.
- The ability to evaluate and articulate the theological concepts present in a biblical passage
- Explain how the inspiration and authority of Scripture relate to Article 4 of the Manual of the Church of the Nazarene.